Readying a US measure of health status, the SF-36, for use in Canada

Clin Invest Med. 1997 Aug;20(4):224-38.


Objective: To culturally adapt and translate for use in French- and English-speaking areas of Canada the Medical Outcomes Study 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36), a carefully developed and standardized measure that is useful for assessing the outcomes for care.

Design: For the Canadian French version, the methods involved forward and backward translations, quality ratings of the translated product, a scaling exercise and pilot tests. A process of cultural adaptation, along with the scaling exercise and pilot tests, was used to create a form in Canadian English.

Results: The authors produced acceptable versions of the SF-36 in Canadian French and English.

Conclusions: Although further psychometric testing of the Canadian versions of the SF-36 is desirable, they are now available for use in clinical practice and research in Canada.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Algorithms
  • Canada
  • France
  • Health Status*
  • Health Surveys*
  • Humans
  • Pilot Projects
  • Psychometrics
  • Surveys and Questionnaires*
  • Translations
  • United States