Study of the course of the incidence angle during growth

Eur Spine J. 1997;6(3):163-7. doi: 10.1007/BF01301430.


Standing posture is made possible by hip extension and lumbar lordosis. Lumbar lordosis is correlated with pelvic parameters, such as the declivity angle of the upper surface of the sacrum and the incidence angle, which determine the sagittal morphotype. Incidence angle, which is different for each individual, is known to be very important for up-right posture, but its course during life has not yet been established. Incidence angle was measured on radiographs of 30 fetuses, 30 children and 30 adults, and results were analysed using the correlation coefficient r and Student's t test. A statistically significant correlation between age and incidence angle was observed. Incidence angle considerably increases during the first months, continues to increase during early years, and stabilizes around the age of 10 years. Incidence is a mark of bipedism, and its role in sagittal balance is essential.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aging
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Female
  • Femur Head / diagnostic imaging
  • Femur Head / embryology
  • Femur Head / growth & development
  • Fetus / diagnostic imaging
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Lumbar Vertebrae / diagnostic imaging
  • Lumbar Vertebrae / embryology
  • Lumbar Vertebrae / growth & development*
  • Male
  • Posture
  • Pregnancy
  • Radiography
  • Sacrum / diagnostic imaging
  • Sacrum / embryology
  • Sacrum / growth & development*