Active compression-decompression resuscitation: the influence of different chest geometries on the force transmission

Resuscitation. 1997 Aug;35(1):83-5. doi: 10.1016/s0300-9572(97)01104-0.


Active compression-decompression cardiopulmonary resuscitation (ACD-CPR) is performed using a plunger-like suction device applied onto the chest. Forces are partly transferred through the center of this device as well as through the peripheral ring of the plunger's lip seal. We analysed the load transmission distribution of the Ambu CardioPump; therefore a homemade mechanical model was used for simulating different chest geometries. We applied compression forces up to 750N on the device using a 'material testing machine', and we determined the load transferred through the central part of the device and the peripheral ring respectively. The results show that the deeper the sternum is inbeded in the chest the more force is distributed onto the peripheral ring of the plunger's vacuum cup. For a simulated flat chest, 70 N was transferred through the peripheral ring; at a simulated sternal depression of 20 mm, more than 300 N were transferred peripherally. This study points out that different chest geometries have to be considered when using CardioPump.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation / instrumentation*
  • Compressive Strength
  • Equipment Design
  • Humans
  • Materials Testing / instrumentation
  • Models, Structural
  • Thorax / anatomy & histology*