We have studied the effects of two D2 dopamine receptor-selective compounds, (-)-OSU 6162 and raclopride, on levodopa-induced dyskinesias in 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP)-lesioned common marmosets (Callithrix jacchus). Three monkeys developed a severe parkinsonian syndrome following administration of MPTP. In response to daily levodopa treatment the animals developed reproducible and idiosyncratic peak-dose dyskinesias. Pretreatment with (-)-OSU 6162 and raclopride, in doses increased by multiples of three, both dose-dependently relieved the levodopa-induced dyskinesias. However, in contrast to when raclopride pretreatment was given, (-)-OSU 6162 pretreatment did not induce akinesia. Our investigation suggests that (-)-OSU 6162 may be useful an an adjuvant treatment to levodopa in advanced Parkinson's disease to selectively combat levodopa-induced dyskinesias without affecting the antiparkinsonian response.