Microsatellite instability in lung cancer patients 40 years of age or younger

Jpn J Cancer Res. 1997 Jun;88(6):559-63. doi: 10.1111/j.1349-7006.1997.tb00419.x.


Lung cancer in the young, which has the characteristics of a higher incidence of adenocarcinoma, lower male-to-female ratio of the patients, and less frequent smoking history in the patients, may possibly be associated with genetic predisposition to cancers. We studied six microsatellite loci (D2S123, D3S659, D3S966, D5S346, WT1, and TP53) in 18 surgically treated lung cancer patients aged 25-40 years and nine control patients aged 62-74 to determine the presence of microsatellite instability (MSI) and to correlate its occurrence with clinicopathological characteristics. Of the 18 patients, 11 were female and seven were non-smokers. There were 15 adenocarcinomas and three squamous cell carcinomas, 15 (83%) of which had vascular invasion. MSI was positive in seven (39%) of 18 young patients and one (11%) of nine control patients. Moreover, MSIs in a half or more of six loci examined were demonstrated in five (28%) young patients, whereas no control patients showed such a high frequency of MSI. We observed no significant differences in clinical or pathologic parameters between cases with and without MSI. This result suggests that genetic factors play an important role in the development of lung cancer in young adults.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adenocarcinoma / epidemiology
  • Adenocarcinoma / genetics*
  • Adenocarcinoma / pathology
  • Adenocarcinoma / surgery
  • Adult
  • Age Factors
  • Aged
  • Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / genetics
  • Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / pathology
  • Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / surgery
  • Cell Nucleus / pathology
  • DNA Primers
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / genetics
  • Disease Susceptibility
  • Female
  • Genes, Wilms Tumor / genetics
  • Genes, p53
  • Genetic Markers
  • Humans
  • Incidence
  • Lung Neoplasms / epidemiology
  • Lung Neoplasms / genetics*
  • Lung Neoplasms / pathology
  • Lung Neoplasms / surgery
  • Male
  • Microsatellite Repeats*
  • Mitotic Index
  • Neoplasm Invasiveness
  • Neoplasm Staging
  • Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Sex Characteristics
  • Smoking
  • Transcription Factors / genetics
  • WT1 Proteins


  • DNA Primers
  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • Genetic Markers
  • Transcription Factors
  • WT1 Proteins