Cetirizine, an antihistamine widely used in the treatment of allergic rhinoconjunctivitis, also has antiallergic activity. The present study aimed to evaluate cetirizine as a treatment for children with allergic cough due to pollen allergy. This was a parallel-group, double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized study. Twenty children with pollinosis were enrolled: they were subdivided into two groups receiving a 1-month treatment during the pollen season. The following variables were monitored: 1) clinical symptoms and respiratory data (spirometry and PEF) evaluated at baseline and at the end of the study by allergists and by a daily diary card, and 2) pollen count. This study shows that cetirizine treatment reduces cough intensity (P < 0.05) and frequency (P < 0.01). In conclusion, cetirizine does clinically improve cough due to pollen allergy.