Increased incidence of arthrosis in women could be related to femoral and pelvic shape

Arch Orthop Trauma Surg. 1997;116(6-7):345-7. doi: 10.1007/BF00433987.


In this study various femoral and pelvic geometrical parameters important for hip joint contact stress were determined. The parameters were measured from standard anteroposterior radiographs of healthy adult subjects and analysed by using descriptive statistical procedures. Women proved to have a significantly smaller femoral head radius and larger distance between the inner acetabular rims than men, both features which lead to an increase of contact stress in the hip joint articular surface. Since too high, long-lasting contact stress is unfavourable regarding the development of arthrosis, we propose that these differences in the femoral and pelvic geometry could be one of the reasons for the increased incidence of arthrosis in women.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Disease Susceptibility
  • Female
  • Femur Head / anatomy & histology*
  • Hip Joint / anatomy & histology*
  • Humans
  • Joint Diseases / etiology
  • Male
  • Pelvic Bones / anatomy & histology*
  • Reference Values
  • Sex Characteristics*