Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Rev- And Tat-specific Cytotoxic T Lymphocyte Frequencies Inversely Correlate With Rapid Progression to AIDS

J Gen Virol. 1997 Aug;78 ( Pt 8):1913-8. doi: 10.1099/0022-1317-78-8-1913.

Abstract

Immunological correlates of AIDS-free survival after human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infection are largely unknown. Cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) responses are generally believed to be a major component of protective immunity against viral infections. However, the relationship between HIV-1-specific CTL responses and disease progression rate is presently unclear. Here we show in twelve HIV-1-infected individuals that detection of Rev-specific CTL precursors (CTLp) early in the asymptomatic stage, as well as detection of Rev- and Tat-specific CTLp later during follow-up, inversely correlate with rapid disease progression. No such correlation was found for detection of CTLp against Gag, RT or Nef. Further studies are required to determine whether a protective mechanism is indeed the basis of the observed correlation. The data presented are in agreement with the hypothesis that CTL against proteins that are important for early viral transcription and translation are of particular importance in protection from rapid disease progression.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome / immunology
  • Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome / physiopathology*
  • Alleles
  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • CD4 Lymphocyte Count
  • DNA Primers
  • Disease Progression
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Gene Products, rev / chemistry
  • Gene Products, rev / immunology*
  • Gene Products, tat / immunology*
  • HIV Seropositivity / immunology
  • HIV Seropositivity / physiopathology*
  • HIV-1 / immunology*
  • HLA-A Antigens / genetics
  • HLA-A Antigens / immunology*
  • HLA-A1 Antigen / genetics
  • HLA-A1 Antigen / immunology
  • HLA-A2 Antigen / genetics
  • HLA-A2 Antigen / immunology
  • HLA-B8 Antigen / genetics
  • HLA-B8 Antigen / immunology*
  • Histocompatibility Testing
  • Humans
  • Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • T-Lymphocytes, Cytotoxic / immunology*
  • Time Factors
  • rev Gene Products, Human Immunodeficiency Virus
  • tat Gene Products, Human Immunodeficiency Virus

Substances

  • DNA Primers
  • Gene Products, rev
  • Gene Products, tat
  • HLA-A Antigens
  • HLA-A1 Antigen
  • HLA-A2 Antigen
  • HLA-B8 Antigen
  • rev Gene Products, Human Immunodeficiency Virus
  • tat Gene Products, Human Immunodeficiency Virus