Purpose: To determine the effects of optic disc size on vertical cup-disc ratio in subjects free of glaucoma and other optic nerve disease.
Methods: Data were collected from 3654 people, 49 years of age of older, living in the Blue Mountains, west of Sydney (NSW, Australia). Examinations performed included subjective refraction and Zeiss colour stereo optic disc photographs. Eye and camera magnification effects were corrected.
Results: Mean vertical disc diameter was 1.51 mm (95% confidence interval (CI) 1.504-1.516 mm) and the mean vertical cup-disc ratio was 0.43 (95% CI 0.425-0.435). Both parameters were distributed unimodally. The cup-disc ratio was strongly associated with disc diameter. Controlling for other variables, cup-disc ratio increased 0.270 (95% CI 0.250-0.290) per mm increase in disc diameter.
Conclusions: Vertical optic disc diameter and cup-disc ratio are distributed near normally in older Australians. Optic discs with larger vertical diameters have considerably greater vertical cup-disc ratios.