Varicella-zoster virus (VZV) open reading frame 8 (ORF8) is predicted to encode the viral dUTPase and the adjacent gene, ORF9A, is thought to encode a membrane protein homologous to HSV-1 UL49.5. A fusion protein, in which the amino portion of glutathione-S-transferase was fused to amino acids 5 to 396 of VZV ORF8 protein, had dUTPase activity in vitro. Construction of a mutant VZV with stop codons or a deletion in the ORF8 gene resulted in loss of viral dUTPase activity. Antibody to VZV ORF9A protein demonstrated a 7-kDa protein located in the membranes of virus-infected cells. Insertion of stop codons into VZV ORF9A resulted in VZV that produced smaller plaques than parental virus. Inactivation of both VZV ORF8 and ORF9A resulted in a virus that grew to lower titers and was impaired for syncytia formation when compared to parental virus. In contrast, a similar mutation in HSV-1 has no effect on growth of the virus in vitro. These results identify loci in the VZV genome that are required for a syncytial phenotype in vitro.