Exercise performance following repair of hypoplastic left heart syndrome: A comparison with other types of Fontan patients

Pediatr Cardiol. 1997 Sep-Oct;18(5):357-60. doi: 10.1007/s002469900199.


Reports of exercise performance after Fontan surgery for hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS) are lacking. We compared the exercise performance of total cavopulmonary connection type (TCPC) of Fontan subjects with HLHS (group 1, n = 7) to those not requiring a Norwood procedure having a systemic right ventricle (group 2, n = 6) or a systemic left ventricle (group 3, n = 8). The subjects underwent assessment of resting pulmonary mechanics followed by maximal exercise testing with a bicycle or treadmill protocol. ECG, oxygen consumption, and carbon dioxide production were measured continuously. There was not a significant difference seen between HLHS and the comparison groups for the following parameters: maximum heart rate, maximum oxygen consumption, respiratory exchange ratio, breathing reserve, and arterial oxygen saturation at rest or exercise. Exercise performance in the TCPC type of Fontan patients was comparable regardless of ventricular morphology or surgical approach.

MeSH terms

  • Case-Control Studies
  • Child
  • Electrocardiography
  • Exercise Test
  • Exercise Tolerance / physiology*
  • Fontan Procedure* / methods
  • Humans
  • Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome / physiopathology*
  • Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome / surgery*
  • Oxygen Consumption / physiology
  • Pulmonary Ventilation / physiology
  • Respiratory Mechanics / physiology