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. 1997 Aug;356(2):197-202.
doi: 10.1007/pl00005041.

Cannabinoid CB1 Receptor-Mediated Inhibition of the Neurogenic Vasopressor Response in the Pithed Rat

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Cannabinoid CB1 Receptor-Mediated Inhibition of the Neurogenic Vasopressor Response in the Pithed Rat

B Malinowska et al. Naunyn Schmiedebergs Arch Pharmacol. .

Abstract

The effects of two cannabinoid receptor agonists, R(+)-[2,3-dihydro-5-methyl-3-[(morpholinyl)methyl]pyrrolo[1,2,3-de]-1,4- benzoxazin-yl]-(1-naphthalenyl)-methanone (WIN 55,212-2) and (-)-cis-3-[2-hydroxy-4-(1,1-dimethylheptyl)phenyl]-trans-4-(3-hydr oxypropyl)-cyclohexanol (CP-55,940), were studied on (i) the vasopressor response elicited in pithed rats by electrical stimulation of the sympathetic outflow and (ii) the release of 3H-noradrenaline and the vasoconstriction elicited in isolated rat tail arteries by transmural electrical stimulation. In pithed rats, the electrical (1 Hz for 10 s) stimulation of the preganglionic sympathetic nerve fibres increased diastolic blood pressure by about 30 mmHg. This neurogenic vasopressor response (which under the conditions of our study was almost exclusively due to the release of catecholamines) was decreased by WIN 55-212,2 and CP-55,940 in a dose-dependent manner (inhibition by WIN 55,212-2 and CP-55,940, 0.1 micromol/kg each, about 25-30%). The inhibition was identical in adrenalectomized rats and in animals with intact adrenals. The inhibitory action of WIN 55,212-2 and CP-55,940 was abolished by a dose of 0.03 micromol/kg of the CB1 receptor antagonist N-piperidino-5-(4-chlorophenyl)-1-(2,4-dichlorophenyl)-4-methyl-3-pyrazo le-carboxamide (SR 141716), which, by itself, had no effect. WIN 55,212-2, CP-55,940 and SR 141716 failed to affect the vasopressor response to exogenous noradrenaline (1 nmol/kg), which also increased diastolic blood pressure by about 30 mmHg. In isolated rat tail arteries, the electrically (0.4 Hz) evoked tritium overflow and vasoconstriction were not modified by WIN 55,212-2 and CP-55,940 (1 micromol/l each). In conclusion, the neurogenic vasopressor response in the pithed rat can be modulated via cannabinoid CB1 receptors probably located presynaptically on the postganglionic sympathetic nerve fibres innervating resistance vessels.

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