Imaging approach to staging of renal cell carcinoma

Urol Clin North Am. 1997 Aug;24(3):507-22. doi: 10.1016/s0094-0143(05)70399-2.


Current imaging techniques, especially CT and MR imaging, make accurate preoperative staging of renal cell carcinoma possible. Because surgery provides the only effective therapy and because survival depends on local and distant extent, precise staging is critical for preoperative planning and prognosis. This article reviews the advantages, limitations, accuracy, and pitfalls of each of the imaging approaches to staging renal cell carcinoma, concentrating on CT and MR imaging. This information then is summarized in a suggested overall approach to staging renal cell carcinoma.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Carcinoma, Renal Cell / diagnosis
  • Carcinoma, Renal Cell / diagnostic imaging
  • Carcinoma, Renal Cell / pathology*
  • Humans
  • Kidney / diagnostic imaging
  • Kidney / pathology
  • Kidney Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • Kidney Neoplasms / diagnostic imaging
  • Kidney Neoplasms / pathology*
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging*
  • Neoplasm Staging / methods*
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed*