Effect of kangaroo care on sleep time for neonates

Pediatr Nurs. Jul-Aug 1997;23(4):408-14.


Purpose: To determine the change in behavioral state and physiologic parameters due to Kangaroo Care (K Care).

Method: A quasi-experimental design using a pretest-posttest with neonates serving as their own controls for 4 episodes of 1 hour each: Pre K Care, K Care and Post K Care. Twenty neonate-parent dyads participated. RespiTrace PT Non-invasive Monitoring system was used to record heart and respiratory rate and oxygen saturation. Behavioral state was derived from analyzing RespiTrace PT cardiorespiratory data as well as observation criteria.

Findings: There was a significant increase in sleep time for the neonates during K Care as compared to when they were not receiving K Care. The neonates exhibited less agitation, apnea, and bradycardia episodes and maintained stable oxygen saturation during K Care.

Conclusion: K Care is safe even for very small neonates and is well tolerated. The stability of the preterm infants receiving K Care documents the need to incorporate it into standards of care.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Controlled Clinical Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Clinical Nursing Research
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Infant Care / methods*
  • Infant Care / psychology
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Male
  • Neonatal Nursing / methods*
  • Parents / psychology
  • Sleep*
  • Time Factors
  • Touch*