Balloon angioplasty of recurrent coarctation: a 12-year review

J Am Coll Cardiol. 1997 Sep;30(3):811-6. doi: 10.1016/s0735-1097(97)00228-3.


Objectives: This study was undertaken to investigate the long-term outcome of balloon angioplasty for recurrent coarctation of the aorta in a large series of patients.

Background: Balloon angioplasty has become the standard treatment for residual or recurrent aortic coarctation. Despite the widespread use of this treatment modality, there are few data outlining the long-term outcome of a large patient cohort.

Methods: Clinical, echocardiographic, hemodynamic and angiographic data on 90 consecutive patients who underwent balloon angioplasty between January 1984 and January 1996 were reviewed.

Results: Mean systolic pressure gradients were reduced from 31 +/- 21 to 8 +/- 9 mm Hg after dilation (p = 0.0001). The mean diameter of the stenotic site, measured in the frontal and lateral views, increased by 38% and 35%, respectively (p = 0.001). Neurologic events occurred in two patients, with one death. An aortic tear occurred in one patient, requiring surgical intervention. Optimal results were defined as a postprocedure gradient < 20 mm Hg and were obtained acutely in 88% of patients. At long-term follow-up (12 years), 53 (72%) of 74 patients with an early optimal result remained free from reintervention. Transverse arch hypoplasia, defined as an arch dimension < 2 SD below the mean for age, was the primary predictor of the need for reintervention.

Conclusions: Although the majority of patients undergoing percutaneous balloon angioplasty for recoarctation of the aorta will achieve long-term benefit, the need for further surgical intervention in those with transverse arch hypoplasia remains high.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Angioplasty, Balloon* / adverse effects
  • Angioplasty, Balloon* / methods
  • Aorta / physiology
  • Aortic Coarctation / physiopathology
  • Aortic Coarctation / surgery
  • Aortic Coarctation / therapy*
  • Blood Pressure
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Disease-Free Survival
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Male
  • Recurrence
  • Treatment Outcome