Deletions of the short arm of chromosome 1 and MYCN amplification are the most frequently encountered genetic changes in disseminated neuroblastomas and neuroblastoma cell lines. Different strategies have been followed for detection of these and other genomic changes in neuroblastoma including karyotyping, FISH, and LOH, each with its own limitations. Here we report upon the evaluation of comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) in the analysis of neuroblastoma cell lines, with the emphasis on the assessment of the reliability of CGH for the detection of distal 1p deletions. We have analyzed seven neuroblastoma cell lines for which the 1p status was previously studied in detail using FISH and LOH. Our results show that CGH allows reliable detection of distal 1p deletions, including a small interstitial deletion in cell line SK-N-AS. Furthermore, CGH also allows the detection of chromosomal imbalance which would otherwise remain undetected, and provides useful information for further molecular characterization of chromosomal imbalances.