Safety of mibefradil, a new once-a-day, selective T-type calcium channel antagonist

Am J Cardiol. 1997 Aug 21;80(4B):40C-46C. doi: 10.1016/s0002-9149(97)00569-9.


The safety and tolerability of mibefradil, a selective T-type calcium channel antagonist, were evaluated in 3,430 patients with essential hypertension and chronic stable angina pectoris treated in 15 double-blind placebo and active-controlled clinical trials and 2 open-label, long-term safety studies. Of these patients, 2,636 were treated with the recommended doses of mibefradil (50 and 100 mg) and form the basis of this report. With the 50-mg dose of mibefradil, the incidence of each adverse event was similar to, or lower than, that observed in the placebo-treated patients. Treatment with the 100-mg dose was associated with a slightly higher incidence compared to placebo of dizziness (2.1% vs 1.8%), leg edema (3.5% vs 1.4%), fatigue (2.1% vs 1.4%), and lightheadedness (2.1% vs 0.4%). The incidence of headache (4.6%) and angina pectoris (1.1%) was more frequent in patients treated with placebo. In active-controlled trials, a lower incidence of pedal edema (5.1%) was observed with mibefradil compared to amlodipine (25.7%), diltiazem SR/CD (9.4%), or nifedipine SR/GITS (17.4%). Overall, mibefradil was better tolerated than amlodipine and nifedipine SR/GITS and was as well tolerated as diltiazem SR/CD. Rates of premature discontinuation due to clinically adverse experiences with the 50- and 100-mg doses were 2.5% and 3.5%, respectively, compared with placebo (3.5%). No consistent pattern of laboratory adverse experiences were observed for mibefradil. Sinus bradycardia (heart rate <45 beats/minute) and first-degree atrioventricular block were the only relevant treatment-emergent electrocardiographic changes that occurred more frequently with mibefradil than with placebo. No evidence of first-dose effects was observed in mibefradil-treated patients, and withdrawal effects were not observed in clinical trials. There were no clinically important differences in safety profiles in the demographic subgroups for age, gender, or race. The results of this comprehensive safety analysis indicate that treatment with the recommended doses of mibefradil is well tolerated and safe.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Comparative Study
  • Multicenter Study
  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Amlodipine / administration & dosage
  • Amlodipine / adverse effects
  • Angina Pectoris / diagnosis
  • Angina Pectoris / drug therapy*
  • Benzimidazoles / administration & dosage*
  • Benzimidazoles / adverse effects
  • Calcium Channel Blockers / administration & dosage*
  • Calcium Channel Blockers / adverse effects
  • Chronic Disease
  • Drug Administration Schedule
  • Electrocardiography
  • Female
  • Heart Conduction System / drug effects
  • Heart Rate / drug effects
  • Humans
  • Hypertension / drug therapy*
  • Male
  • Mibefradil
  • Middle Aged
  • Nifedipine / administration & dosage
  • Nifedipine / adverse effects
  • Tetrahydronaphthalenes / administration & dosage*
  • Tetrahydronaphthalenes / adverse effects


  • Benzimidazoles
  • Calcium Channel Blockers
  • Tetrahydronaphthalenes
  • Amlodipine
  • Mibefradil
  • Nifedipine