The femR315 gene from Staphylococcus aureus, the interruption of which results in reduced methicillin resistance, encodes a phosphoglucosamine mutase

J Bacteriol. 1997 Sep;179(17):5321-5. doi: 10.1128/jb.179.17.5321-5325.1997.


The femR315 gene was recently identified by Tn551 insertional mutagenesis as one of the new auxiliary genes, the alteration of which resulted in a drastically reduced methicillin resistance of the Staphylococcus aureus strain COL. femR315 (also known as femD) theoretically encoded a protein of 451 amino acids showing significant amino acid sequence homology with phosphoglucomutases and similar enzymes catalyzing the isomerization of hexoses and hexosamine phosphates (S. Wu, H. de Lencastre, A. Sali, and A. Tomasz, Microb. Drug Resist. 2:277-286, 1996). We describe here the overproduction and purification of the FemR315 protein as well as its identification as the phosphoglucosamine mutase which catalyzes the formation of glucosamine-1-phosphate from glucosamine-6-phosphate, the first step in the reaction sequence leading to the essential peptidoglycan precursor UDP-N-acetylglucosamine. On the basis of these findings, we propose to change the names femR315 and femD to the functionally more appropriate name glmM.

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Escherichia coli / genetics
  • Genes, Bacterial / genetics*
  • Methicillin Resistance / genetics*
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Mutation
  • Phosphoglucomutase / biosynthesis
  • Phosphoglucomutase / genetics*
  • Phosphoglucomutase / isolation & purification
  • Phosphoglucomutase / metabolism
  • Recombinant Fusion Proteins / isolation & purification
  • Recombinant Fusion Proteins / metabolism
  • Sequence Homology, Amino Acid
  • Staphylococcus aureus / enzymology
  • Staphylococcus aureus / genetics*


  • Recombinant Fusion Proteins
  • phosphoglucosamine mutase
  • Phosphoglucomutase