Attempts to demonstrate trans-activation activity by the Drosophila myb gene product (D-Myb) have been unsuccessful so far. We demonstrate that co-transfection of Schneider cells with a plasmid expressing the Drosophila homologue of transcriptional co-activator CBP (dCBP) results in transactivation by D-Myb. Using this assay system, the functional domains of D-Myb were analyzed. Two domains located in the N-proximal region, one of which is required for DNA binding and the other for dCBP binding, are both necessary and sufficient for trans-activation. In this respect, D-Myb is similar to c-Myb and A-Myb, but different from mammalian B-Myb. These results shed light on how the myb gene diverged during the course of evolution.