The T cell response against fungal infections

Curr Opin Immunol. 1997 Aug;9(4):484-90. doi: 10.1016/s0952-7915(97)80099-4.


A variety of pathological conditions, including impaired immune function, is believed to underlie host susceptibility to fungal infections and to determine both the severity and the characteristic of the associated pathology. Although the redundancy and the interdependence of antifungal responses may not favor the proper dissection and appreciation of individual effector mechanisms, the T helper type 1/type 2 paradigm of acquired immunity to fungi is proving essential for a better understanding of the host response from a regulatory perspective. The recent understanding of the importance of the different T helper cell subsets in fungal infections and the increasing appreciation of the reciprocal regulation between the innate, humoral, and adaptive immune systems in the development of optimal antimicrobial immunity have offered us new clues which may lead to an understanding of T cell dependent immunity to fungi.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Antigens, Fungal / immunology*
  • Autoimmune Diseases / immunology
  • Candidiasis / immunology
  • Fungi / immunology*
  • Humans
  • Immunocompromised Host
  • Lymphocyte Activation
  • Mice
  • Mycoses / immunology*
  • Neutrophils / immunology
  • T-Lymphocyte Subsets / immunology*
  • T-Lymphocytes, Helper-Inducer / immunology


  • Antigens, Fungal