Effects of intravesical instillation of 5-fluorouracil and interferon in patients with recurrent superficial urinary bladder carcinoma. A clinical and pharmacodynamic study

Scand J Urol Nephrol. 1997 Aug;31(4):343-7. doi: 10.3109/00365599709030617.


Eleven patients with recurrent superficial bladder tumours were treated with 6 weekly instillations of 10 million IU Introna and 1000 mg 5-fluorouracil for 1 h. Before and immediately after the first treatment biopsies were taken from normal urothelium and tumour for analysis of thymidylate synthase (TS). One papillary tumour was left as a marker. Tumour tissue had 9 times higher TS concentrations than normal urothelium (0.97 versus 0.11 pmol/g, p < 0.005). Despite a large variation in TS concentration in the tumours between different patients (range 0.02-2.24 pmol/g), after instillation the TS concentration decreased significantly in all but one patient. Six patients had complete and 2 had partial tumour regression after treatment. The effect was inversely correlated to the initial TS value. A low TS value seemed to predict a good response. The data suggest that weekly administrations are not sufficient in those with high TS concentrations. New treatment schedules may be beneficial in those with highly proliferating bladder tumours.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Administration, Intravesical
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use*
  • Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis*
  • Biopsy
  • Carcinoma, Papillary / drug therapy*
  • Carcinoma, Papillary / enzymology
  • Carcinoma, Papillary / mortality
  • Carcinoma, Papillary / pathology
  • Disease-Free Survival
  • Fluorouracil / administration & dosage
  • Humans
  • Interferons / administration & dosage
  • Middle Aged
  • Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / drug therapy*
  • Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / enzymology
  • Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / mortality
  • Survival Rate
  • Thymidylate Synthase / analysis*
  • Thymidylate Synthase / antagonists & inhibitors
  • Thymidylate Synthase / drug effects
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Urinary Bladder Neoplasms / drug therapy*
  • Urinary Bladder Neoplasms / enzymology
  • Urinary Bladder Neoplasms / mortality
  • Urinary Bladder Neoplasms / pathology


  • Biomarkers, Tumor
  • Interferons
  • Thymidylate Synthase
  • Fluorouracil