The aim of this prospective epidemiological study was to investigate the incidence of Inflammatory Bowel Disease in the Puy-de-Dôme county using the same methodology as EPIMAD's registry.
Methods: From 01/01/93 to 31/12/94, each gastroenterologist (n = 22) collected patients consulting for the first time with clinical symptoms compatible with inflammatory bowel disease. Data were reported on a questionnaire by an interviewer practitioner. The final diagnosis of Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis was made in a blind manner by two expert gastroenterologists and recorded according to the Calkin's criteria as definite, probable, or possible diagnosis, or unclassifiable chronic colitis or acute colitis.
Results: 167 new cases were identified: 112 (67.1%) inflammatory bowel disease for the combined group of definite and probable cases with 79 Crohn's disease (70.5%), 29 ulcerative colitis (25.9%) of which 11 ulcerative proctitis (37.9%), 4 unclassifiable chronic colitis (3.6%) and 55 acute colitis (32.9%). The crude and age-adjusted incidence (per 10(5)/year) was respectively 6.6 and 5.7 for Crohn's disease and 2.4 and 1.9 for ulcerative colitis. The highest age-specific incidence rate for Crohn's disease was between 40-49 years (14.1) and for ulcerative colitis between 80-89 years (6.8). The female/male ratio was 0.8 for Crohn's disease and 1.1 for ulcerative colitis. The median age at the time of diagnosis was 42.6 years for Crohn's disease and 35.3 years for ulcerative colitis.
Conclusions: These preliminary findings revealed a high incidence of Crohn's disease and low of ulcerative colitis in this county. However, these results must be managed carefully because these data were recorded only on two years and the inflammatory bowel disease classified possible and acute colitis require a follow-up.