Patients with chlamydial infections (Ct) attending the outpatient Venereal Disease Clinic of Copenhagen from July 1-November 30 1995 were asked to fill in a questionnaire focusing upon knowledge, attitude and behaviour related to sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) in order to strengthen the future prevention of Ct. The questionnaire was answered by 37 men and 35 women with a median age of 27 and 21 years and a median number of three and two sexual partners within the last six months, respectively. Half of the patients had previously had an STD, and 92% had been tested for HIV, of whom one homosexual man was known HIV-positive. Notification about exposure from a partner was the reason for attending for 24%. All but one were in favour of partner notification, but only 6% wanted provider referral. During last intercourse condoms had neither been used with a steady partner by 75% especially by the young and women, who thought themselves safe, nor with a casual partner by 52% especially among the young and men, mainly because of thoughtlessness or perception of low risk. Before the actual STD diagnosis only 49% were able to name one symptom and 35% one complication related to Ct. A majority (79%) stated, that fear of catching another Ct would lead to better protection, and 70% found that more information would have a preventive effect. Future Ct prevention programs in Denmark should include intensified chlamydial screening and partner notification together with centrally produced mass media information supplemented by individual counselling.