Developmentally regulated gene expression of all eight metabotropic glutamate receptors in hypothalamic suprachiasmatic and arcuate nuclei--a PCR analysis

Brain Res Dev Brain Res. 1997 Aug 18;102(1):1-12. doi: 10.1016/s0165-3806(97)00066-7.


Previous studies have demonstrated the critical role glutamate plays in the hypothalamus, both in the developing and adult brain. The expression of metabotropic glutamate receptor (mGluR) mRNA (mGluR1-8) was studied in the suprachiasmatic (SCN) and arcuate (ARC) nuclei. Using reverse Northern blots and cDNA-PCR, we found that all eight cloned mGluRs were expressed in these brain regions. Most had not previously been detected here. Surprisingly, this included mGluRs that had previously been thought to be restricted to the retina, such as mGluR6. We also detected, cloned, and sequenced a splice variant of mGluR7 (mGluR7b). Developmentally, the age of maximal expression of mGluRs was dependent on the region. For instance, mGluR5 was more strongly expressed in neonatal ARC than in adult, whereas the opposite was true in the SCN. Compared with P10 neonates, mGluR1, R3, R6, R7a, R7b, and R8 showed a greater expression in adult SCN and ARC.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Animals, Newborn
  • Arcuate Nucleus of Hypothalamus / growth & development
  • Arcuate Nucleus of Hypothalamus / metabolism*
  • Base Sequence
  • Blotting, Northern
  • Brain / metabolism
  • Cloning, Molecular
  • DNA, Complementary / biosynthesis
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental / physiology*
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Polymerase Chain Reaction*
  • RNA / metabolism
  • Receptors, Metabotropic Glutamate / genetics*
  • Suprachiasmatic Nucleus / growth & development
  • Suprachiasmatic Nucleus / metabolism*


  • DNA, Complementary
  • Receptors, Metabotropic Glutamate
  • RNA