Efficacy of emotion-focused and problem-focused group therapies for women with fertility problems

J Behav Med. 1997 Aug;20(4):313-31. doi: 10.1023/a:1025560912766.

Abstract

Competing positions exist in the literature regarding whether problem-focused or emotion-focused coping is more useful when one confronts a chronic health-related problem. In this study, 29 infertile women, who on average had been attempting conception for almost 4 years, were assigned to six sessions of training in problem- or emotion-focused coping or to a no-treatment control condition. Problem-focused training produced improvements in general distress and infertility-specific well-being at treatment termination. However, emotion-focused training resulted in greater improvement at a 1-months, follow-up. Emotion-focused participants reported less depression and more infertility-specific well-being at 1 month than did controls. At 18 months, problem-focused group members were more likely to have a child than were other participants. Results argue for the efficacy of both emotion-directed and problem-focused interventions in women's adjustment to infertility.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Comparative Study
  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Adaptation, Psychological
  • Adoption
  • Adult
  • Attitude to Health
  • Emotions*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Infertility, Female / psychology*
  • Pregnancy
  • Problem Solving*
  • Psychotherapy, Group / methods*
  • Treatment Outcome