Objective: We report the establishment and characterization of three new cell lines derived from uterine malignant mixed müllerian tumor (MMMT).
Methods: Three uterine MMMT cell lines from primary tumors of Korean patients were cultured and the involved cell morphology, growth properties, DNA profiles, immunohistochemical properties, tumor-associated antigen secretion, and genetic alterations of related oncogenes and tumor suppressor genes were studied as well.
Results: Three MMMT cell lines were successfully established including one homologous tumor SNU-539 and two heterologous tumors SNU-685 and SNU-1077. All lines showed substrate adherence and high viability and were proven by DNA fingerprinting analysis to be unique. Contamination by mycoplasma and bacteria was excluded. SNU-539 and SNU-1077 cells stained positively for both epithelial and mesenchymal antigens, while SNU-685 cells only stained positively for mesenchymal antigens. The level of secretion of tumor-associated antigens, CA125 and CEA, was shown to be undetectable in all three lines. One missense mutation from AAC to GAC at codon 239 of exon 7 in the p53 gene was identified in SNU-539.
Conclusions: These newly established and characterized permanent uterine MMMT cell lines might be regarded as valuable resources for a multitude of in vitro investigations, which should be used for clarifying the obscure histogenetic origin and understanding the biological behavior of this aggressive tumor.
Copyright 1997 Academic Press.