We found a novel maternally inherited T3308C mutation in the mtDNA ND1 gene in a patient with bilateral striatal necrosis and stroke-like episodes. Muscle biopsy from the proband showed mitochondrial proliferation in blood vessels and normal respiratory chain activities. The mutation, which was not present in 100 normal controls or in 30 patients with mitochondrial disease, was heteroplasmic in both muscle and blood of the proband and in blood from her asymptomatic mother. This mutation results in a Met --> Thr change at the highly conserved amino acid position 1. The T3308C mutation may alter the hydrophobicity and antigenicity of the N-terminal peptide of ND1.
Copyright 1997 Academic Press.