An HPLC assay for plasma analysis of LY303366 (I), a semi-synthetic lipopeptide antifungal related to echinocandin B (ECB), was developed to support the selection and subsequent preclinical development of I. The method involved extraction of I from plasma with the aid of solid-phase extraction (SPE) cartidges followed by reversed-phase HPLC with UV detection at 300 nm. The method is simple, selective and is applicable to dog, rat, mouse and rabbit plasma. Validation studies using dog plasma showed that the values obtained for parameters of linearity, precision and accuracy were within acceptable limits. Based on analysis of 0.3 ml of plasma, the lower limit of quantitation was 20 ng/ml. The method has been successfully applied to determine the pharmacokinetic parameters of I in the dog following intravenous (i.v.) and oral administration. Compared to first generation ECB antifungal agents, the results of the i.v. dog study indicated a 50% reduction in clearance of the drug from plasma (0.1 l/h/kg) and an 18-fold increase in the volume of distribution at steady state (1.8 l/kg). When administered orally, compound I had an absolute bioavailability of 9%; however, plasma levels remained above the MIC for C. albicans (0.005 microg/ml) through 48 h. Given the excellent potency of I and its broad spectrum of activity relative to first generation ECB antifungal agents, the assay results for I indicate the potential for its use as a broad spectrum i.v. and oral antifungal agent.