Response of intracranial melanoma metastases to stereotactic radiosurgery

Radiat Oncol Investig. 1997;5(2):72-80. doi: 10.1002/(SICI)1520-6823(1997)5:2<72::AID-ROI5>3.0.CO;2-G.

Abstract

We analyzed our recent stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) experience to determine the radiographic response of intracranial metastatic melanomas to SRS. Twelve patients with 21 intracranial melanoma metastases treated with SRS were evaluated. Fifteen (72%) metastases were hemispheric, 3 (14%) were cerebellar, and 3 (14%) were in the basal ganglion or thalamus. All lesions were 2.5 cm or less in maximum diameter. Eleven patients also had whole brain external beam radiotherapy. Mean SRS dosage was 1,800 cGy to the 85% isodose surface and median dose was 1,800 cGy to the 80% isodose surface (range 1,100-3, 100 cGy at the 80-95% isodose surface). Overall, 12 (57%) lesions showed decrease or stabilization of tumor volume (i.e., local control), while 9 (43%) showed enlargement. Division of metastases into small (< or = 1.0 cm diameter) and large (> 1.0 cm diameter) tumors showed that the small tumors were more likely to regress than the large tumors (chi-square test; P < 0.03). Only 1 of 9 (11%) large lesions regressed as opposed to 7 of 12 (58%) small lesions regressed with SRS. We conclude that SRS is suited for small melanoma brain metastases, but lesions between 1.0 and 2.5 cm in diameter, while still generally considered appropriate for SRS, may not be as responsive to SRS at currently employed dosages.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Brain Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • Brain Neoplasms / radiotherapy
  • Brain Neoplasms / secondary
  • Brain Neoplasms / surgery*
  • Combined Modality Therapy
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Radiation
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  • Male
  • Melanoma / diagnosis
  • Melanoma / radiotherapy
  • Melanoma / secondary
  • Melanoma / surgery*
  • Middle Aged
  • Radiosurgery*
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Survival Rate
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed
  • Treatment Outcome