Control of S-phase periodic transcription in the fission yeast mitotic cycle

EMBO J. 1997 Aug 1;16(15):4676-88. doi: 10.1093/emboj/16.15.4676.

Abstract

In fission yeast, passage through START and into S-phase requires cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) activity and the periodic transcription of genes essential for S-phase ('S-phase transcription'). Here we investigate the control of this transcription in the mitotic cell cycle. We demonstrate that the periodicity of S-phase transcription is likely to be controlled independently of CDK activity. This contrasts with the equivalent system in budding yeast. Furthermore, the CDK function required for S-phase acts after the onset of S-phase transcription and after the accumulation of cdc18p, a critical target of this transcriptional machinery. We investigate the role of individual components of the S-phase transcriptional machinery, cdc10p, res1p, res2p and rep2p, and define a new role for res2p, previously demonstrated to be important in the meiotic cycle, in switching off S-phase transcription during G2 of the mitotic cycle. We show that the presence of the in vitro bandshift activity DSC1, conventionally thought to represent the active complex, requires res2p and correlates with inactive transcription. We suggest that S-phase transcription is controlled by both activation and repression, and that res2p represses transcription in G2 of the cell cycle as a part of the DSC1 complex.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • CDC2 Protein Kinase / metabolism
  • Cell Cycle Proteins / genetics
  • Cyclin B
  • Cyclin-Dependent Kinases / metabolism
  • Cyclins / metabolism
  • Fungal Proteins / genetics
  • G2 Phase / genetics
  • G2 Phase / physiology
  • Genes, Fungal
  • Mitosis / genetics*
  • Mitosis / physiology
  • Models, Biological
  • S Phase / genetics*
  • S Phase / physiology
  • Schizosaccharomyces / cytology*
  • Schizosaccharomyces / genetics*
  • Schizosaccharomyces / metabolism
  • Schizosaccharomyces pombe Proteins*
  • Transcription, Genetic

Substances

  • Cell Cycle Proteins
  • Cig2 protein, S pombe
  • Cyclin B
  • Cyclins
  • Fungal Proteins
  • Schizosaccharomyces pombe Proteins
  • cdc18 protein, S pombe
  • CDC2 Protein Kinase
  • Cyclin-Dependent Kinases