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Review
, 10 (3), 162-5

Arteriovenous Fistulae for Hemodialysis

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  • PMID: 9304733
Review

Arteriovenous Fistulae for Hemodialysis

H M Burkhart et al. Semin Vasc Surg.

Abstract

Primary arteriovenous fistulae remain the gold standard for hemodialysis access. The radiocephalic or Brescia-Cimino fistula is the autologous fistula of choice, with a primary success rate of nearly 93% and a 1-year patency rate of up to 82%. Alternative arteriovenous fistulae include the snuff box fistula and a brachiobasilic fistula with a 1-year patency rate of up to 90%. Complications include thrombosis, infection, arterial steal syndrome, venous hypertension, aneurysms, and congestive heart failure. Despite these complications, arteriovenous fistulae provide good long-term hemodialysis access.

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