Noise level analysis of commercially available toys

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 1997 Aug 20;41(2):187-97. doi: 10.1016/s0165-5876(97)00083-9.


There have been several isolated reports of hearing loss due to noise levels from toys. Guidelines for noise production by toys is regulated by the Voluntary Product Standards PS 72-76: Toy Safety Act of 1969. To determine the current risk of noise induced hearing loss from toys currently on the market, 25 toys were purchased at a national toy store chain and sound levels were measured at distances approximating ear level (2.5 cm) and a child's arm length (25 cm) from the surface of the toy. Testing revealed peak sound levels ranging from 81 to 126 dBA at 2.5 cm and 80 to 115 dBA at 25 cm from the surface of the toy.

MeSH terms

  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Consumer Product Safety / legislation & jurisprudence
  • Consumer Product Safety / standards*
  • Hearing Loss, Noise-Induced / etiology
  • Hearing Loss, Noise-Induced / prevention & control*
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Noise* / prevention & control
  • Play and Playthings*
  • United States
  • United States Occupational Safety and Health Administration / legislation & jurisprudence