Cysticercosis. Clinical classification based on imaging studies

Arch Intern Med. 1997 Sep 22;157(17):1991-7. doi: 10.1001/archinte.157.17.1991.


Cysticercosis is a pleomorphic disease in which the diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis greatly vary in relation to the location, number, and stage of the lesions. A new classification is proposed that includes the information gathered by magnetic resonance imaging and computed tomography, supplemented by immunodiagnostic studies and clinical data. The different clinical entities produced by cysticercosis are grouped by the frequency and location of the parasites, including valuable data as the number and stage of the lesions as well as the degree of the inflammatory response from the host to the parasite. In this way, the disease can be individualized to define the reliability of diagnostic studies and to design specific therapeutic approaches that depend on the characteristics that the disease acquires in every location.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Brain / diagnostic imaging
  • Brain / pathology
  • Cerebral Ventricles / pathology
  • Cerebral Ventriculography
  • Cysticercosis / classification*
  • Cysticercosis / diagnosis*
  • Humans
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  • Spinal Canal / diagnostic imaging
  • Spinal Canal / pathology
  • Subarachnoid Space
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed