Two different conductances contribute to the anion currents in Coffea arabica protoplasts

J Membr Biol. 1997 Sep 1;159(1):83-94. doi: 10.1007/s002329900271.


The anion conductance of the plasma membrane of Coffea arabica protoplasts was isolated and characterized using the whole-cell patch clamp technique. Voltage pulse protocols revealed two components: a voltage-gated conductance (Gs) and a voltage-independent one (Gl). Gs is activated upon depolarization (e-fold activation every +36 mV) with time constants of 1 sec and 5 sec at all potentials. Gl and Gs also differ by their kinetic and biophysical properties. In bi-ionic conditions the current associated with Gs shows strong outward rectification and its permeability sequence is F- > NO3- > Cl-. In the same conditions the current associated with Gl does not rectify and its permeability sequence is F- > > NO3- = Cl-. Furthermore, at potentials over +50 mV Gs, but not Gl, increases with a time constant of several minutes. Finally the gating of Gs is affected by stretch of the membrane, which leads to an increased activation and a reduced voltage sensitivity. Anion conductances similar to the ones described here have been found in many plant preparations but Gl-type components have been generally interpreted as the background activation of the slow voltage-gated channels (corresponding to Gs). We show that in coffee protoplasts Gl and Gs are kinetically and biophysically distinct, suggesting that they correspond to two different molecular entities.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Anions / metabolism*
  • Cell Membrane / drug effects
  • Cell Membrane / physiology
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Coffee / physiology*
  • Electric Conductivity
  • Ion Channel Gating
  • Ion Channels / drug effects
  • Ion Channels / physiology*
  • Kinetics
  • Meglumine / pharmacology
  • Membrane Potentials / drug effects
  • Models, Theoretical
  • Patch-Clamp Techniques
  • Protoplasts / physiology
  • Tetraethylammonium
  • Tetraethylammonium Compounds / pharmacology


  • Anions
  • Coffee
  • Ion Channels
  • Tetraethylammonium Compounds
  • Tetraethylammonium
  • Meglumine