Morphological examinations were carried out on hepatocyte nuclei of streptozotocin (SZ)-induced diabetic mice. The area of hepatocyte nuclei in diabetic mice was about two times larger than that in control mice, and the incidence of hepatocytes with intranuclear inclusions was 3.4 +/- 0.2% in diabetic mice and 0% in control mice, respectively. Although the incidence of binuclear hepatocytes was not significantly different between diabetic (14.5 +/- 4.6%) and control mice (16.4 +/- 4.4%), the morphology of the nuclei of binuclear hepatocytes was apparently different between diabetic and control mice. Namely, the nuclei of binuclear hepatocytes of control mice were round and identical in ultrastructural appearance, and they did not differ from those of mononuclear diploid hepatocytes. On the other hand, the nuclei of binuclear hepatocytes of diabetic mice were not identical in distribution pattern of chromatin granules, and they frequently varied in size and showed irregular contours.