Psychological distress among women with recurrent spontaneous abortion

Psychosomatics. Sep-Oct 1997;38(5):503-7. doi: 10.1016/S0033-3182(97)71428-2.


Fifty-seven of 100 women with recurrent abortion completed questionnaires designed to assess demographic and reproductive variables, depression, anxiety, social desirability, self-esteem, locus of control, and marital adjustment. The results indicated that 32% of the women could be classified as depressed. The subjects also reported higher than average levels of acute and chronic anxiety. Fifty-three percent of the subjects reported below average marital adjustment. Post hoc analyses indicated that the women who had a previous elective abortion had higher levels of anxiety, lower marital adjustment, and different attributions regarding their pregnancy losses than the women who had not had an elective abortion. Having a living child was not a protective buffer against psychological distress.

MeSH terms

  • Abortion, Habitual / psychology*
  • Adaptation, Psychological*
  • Adult
  • Anxiety / diagnosis
  • Anxiety / psychology*
  • Chronic Disease
  • Depression / diagnosis
  • Depression / psychology*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Infertility, Female / psychology
  • Internal-External Control
  • Marriage / psychology
  • Personality Inventory
  • Pregnancy