The relationship of cigarette prices and no-smoking bylaws to the prevalence of smoking in Canada

Am J Public Health. 1997 Sep;87(9):1519-21. doi: 10.2105/ajph.87.9.1519.


Objectives: The aim of this study was to analyze the association of cigarette prices and no-smoking bylaws with the prevalence of smoking.

Methods: Data on individual smoking status were taken from two national household surveys in Canada. Current cigarette price, the 1-year and 10-year increase in price, and the extent of local restrictions on public smoking were added to the model. Logistic regression was used to estimate the odds of being a smoker.

Results: The odds ratio for being a smoker was 1.21 where no-smoking by-laws were relatively infrequent and 1.26 when cigarettes were relatively inexpensive, after adjusting for individual age, sex, education, and marital status.

Conclusions: Both cigarette prices and no-smoking bylaws are effective in controlling smoking; either alone will likely have less impact than the two measures together.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Canada / epidemiology
  • Costs and Cost Analysis
  • Data Collection
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Logistic Models
  • Male
  • Prevalence
  • Smoking / economics
  • Smoking / epidemiology*
  • Smoking / legislation & jurisprudence