Improved birth weight table for neonates developed from gestations dated by early ultrasonography

J Ultrasound Med. 1997 Apr;16(4):241-9. doi: 10.7863/jum.1997.16.4.241.


Most previously published tables of birth weight percentiles as a function of gestational age have been derived from neonates with imprecise gestational dating. In order to improve the accuracy of neonatal birth weight percentiles, we developed a birth weight table based on measurements from a group of neonates who had accurate gestational dating by prenatal first trimester ultrasonography. By matching a database of obstetrical ultrasonograms over a 5 year period to birth records at our institution, 3718 newborn infants with gestational dating by first trimester ultrasonography were identified. Statistical smoothing and regression techniques were applied to gestational age at birth and birth weight data to develop a table for the 10th, 50th, 90th, and other weight percentiles for 25 weeks of gestation onward. The weight table developed from our population has lower 50th and 90th percentile weights, and narrower 10th to 90th percentile ranges, at 25 to 35 weeks than in prior tables. At 39 to 43 weeks, our 10th, 50th, and 90th percentile weights are higher than those in previous tables. Our weight table for newborn infants, based on measurements from neonates with accurate dating, permits improved assignment of weight percentiles for gestational age and more accurate diagnosis of growth disorders in fetuses and neonates.

MeSH terms

  • Birth Weight*
  • Black People
  • Chi-Square Distribution
  • Female
  • Gestational Age*
  • Humans
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Male
  • Pregnancy
  • Reference Values
  • Sex Characteristics
  • Ultrasonography, Prenatal*
  • White People