Effect of exercise on cardiac output and distribution of uterine blood flow in pregnant ewes

J Appl Physiol. 1976 May;40(5):725-8. doi: 10.1152/jappl.1976.40.5.725.


This study was designed to determine what effect physical training has on heart rate and stroke volume responses to exercise stress and to determine if exercise altered the distribution of uterine blood flow. Measurements were made in ten pregnant ewes at rest and immediately following exercise on a treadmill. Five ewes underwent physical training for 3 wk prior to measurement. An increase in heart rate with no change in stroke volume was observed following exercise in both trained and untrained ewes. Total uterine blood flow was not changed following exercise, but distribution was altered in favor of the placenta. Blood flow was evenly distributed within the placenta before and after exercise. The redistribution of flow to the placenta that occurs after exercise. tphe redistribution of flow to the placenta that occurs after exercise might represent a compensatory mechanism for the fetus.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cardiac Output*
  • Female
  • Heart Rate
  • Kidney / blood supply
  • Physical Conditioning, Animal*
  • Physical Exertion*
  • Placenta / blood supply
  • Pregnancy
  • Regional Blood Flow
  • Sheep
  • Uterus / blood supply*