Effect of pectin on satiety in healthy US Army adults

J Am Coll Nutr. 1997 Oct;16(5):423-8. doi: 10.1080/07315724.1997.10718708.


Objective: We tested the hypothesis that pectin, a source of dietary fiber that delays gastric emptying, increases satiety.

Methods: Male (n = 49) and female (n = 25) US Army employees within normal weight limits were fasted overnight then fed 448 mL of orange juice on 2 separate days followed 4 hours later by 0.473 L of ice cream. On 1 of the 2 days, 5, 10, 15 or 20 g of pectin was mixed with the orange juice. Satiety was measured on a visual analog scale before and at 0, 1, 2, 3 and 4 hours after orange juice and at 0, 30 and 60 minutes after ice cream. Multivariate ANOVA was used to examine satiety as a function of beverage (orange juice vs. orange juice plus pectin), time and pectin dose.

Results: There were significant differences in satiety as a function of beverage (p < 0.001) and time (p < 0.001) but not pectin dose (p = 0.121). The effect lasted up to 4 hours after ingesting pectin and orange juice and for 60 minutes after a second meal consisting of ice cream.

Conclusions: Pectin in doses as small as 5 g mixed with orange juice increases satiety and can aid in a program to reduce weight by limiting food intake.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Beverages
  • Citrus
  • Dietary Fiber / administration & dosage
  • Dietary Fiber / pharmacology*
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Ice Cream
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Military Personnel*
  • Pectins / administration & dosage
  • Pectins / pharmacology*
  • Satiation / drug effects*


  • Dietary Fiber
  • Pectins