Social and familial risk factors in suicidal behavior

Psychiatr Clin North Am. 1997 Sep;20(3):519-50. doi: 10.1016/s0193-953x(05)70328-2.


The focus of this article is on the presence or absence of external and constraining social facts, as reflected in indicators like divorce rate, marital status, the number of close friends, loss of crucial significant others, or sometimes having no one who cares if the person lives or dies, feelings of shame or intolerable guilt, the belief of sacrificing one's life for a higher cause or another person, and military suicide. This article reviews the history of the sociology of suicide, social isolation, contagion, imitation, suicide clusters, stress, and negative life events.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Bipolar Disorder / genetics
  • Bipolar Disorder / psychology
  • Child
  • Child of Impaired Parents / psychology*
  • Depressive Disorder / genetics
  • Depressive Disorder / psychology
  • Family / psychology*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Life Change Events
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Pedigree
  • Risk Factors
  • Social Environment*
  • Suicide / prevention & control
  • Suicide / psychology*
  • Suicide, Attempted / prevention & control
  • Suicide, Attempted / psychology*
  • United States