The development of subretinal microphotodiodes for replacement of degenerated photoreceptors

Ophthalmic Res. 1997;29(5):269-80. doi: 10.1159/000268025.


There are presently several concepts to restore vision in blind or highly visually handicapped persons by implanting electronic devices into the eye in order to partially restore vision. Here, the approach to replace retinal photoreceptors by a subretinally implanted microphotodiode array (MPDA) is summarized. A survey is given on the present state of the development of MPDAs, the possibility of in vitro and in vivo tests as well as first results on biocompatibility and histology. Additionally, electrophysiological recordings in rabbits and rats are presented which have received such subretinal implants.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Biocompatible Materials
  • Electroretinography
  • Eye, Artificial*
  • Humans
  • Microelectrodes*
  • Photoreceptor Cells / physiopathology*
  • Prostheses and Implants*
  • Prosthesis Implantation
  • Rabbits
  • Rats
  • Retinal Degeneration / physiopathology
  • Retinal Degeneration / rehabilitation*


  • Biocompatible Materials