Patients and methods: This is a retrospective review of five children with post-irradiation bone sarcoma (PIS). Age at PIS onset ranged between 10 and 17 years (median 11). They were treated with a chemotherapy regimen, similar to that in use for primary osteogenic sarcoma, consisting of vincristine and high-dose methotrexate alternated with cisplatinum and ifosfamide, given for 12 months.
Results: In all children chemotherapy induced a complete clinical remission. Four of them were alive in continuous complete remission at 1, 2, 4, and 12 years from the diagnosis of bone sarcoma. One girl recurred 3 years from PIS diagnosis and was salvaged by repeating the same chemotherapy program: she remained alive in second complete remission 8 years from relapse.
Conclusions: In spite of an intensive treatment previously given for the primary tumor, this drug schedule proved to be feasible and short-term side effects were manageable. Chemotherapy alone, using an intensive regimen effective for primary osteogenic sarcoma, may be an adequate therapy for childhood post-irradiation sarcoma.