Regulation of interleukin 6 expression by cardiotrophin 1

Cytokine. 1997 Sep;9(9):666-71. doi: 10.1006/cyto.1997.0220.


Cardiotrophin 1 (CT-1) is a recently described cytokine sharing many biological properties with those reported previously for leukaemia inhibitory factor (LIF). In the present study we show that CT-1 binds to the KB epidermoid cancer cell surface through a tripartite receptor complex which includes the gp130 signal transducing protein, LIF receptor beta (LIFR beta) and a third component displaying a molecular weight of 80 kDa. CT-1 activates gp130 and LIFR beta transducing components, as attested by analysing their tyrosine phosphorylation level. The activation process is relayed to the nucleus by the recruitment of the STAT3 transcription factor. Analysis of KB cell line culture supernatants after CT-1 treatment indicates that CT-1 stimulates the production of interleukin 6 (IL-6) in a time- and dose-dependent manner. This stimulation of IL-6 production by CT-1 is associated with an increase in intracellular levels of IL-6 mRNA. This study suggests that at least in some pathological situations CT-1 might represent an immunomodulator regulating cytokine-induced gene products.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Antigens, CD / metabolism
  • Cytokine Receptor gp130
  • Cytokines / metabolism
  • Cytokines / pharmacology*
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / metabolism
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
  • Gene Expression Regulation*
  • Growth Inhibitors*
  • Humans
  • Interleukin-6 / metabolism*
  • Leukemia Inhibitory Factor
  • Leukemia Inhibitory Factor Receptor alpha Subunit
  • Lymphokines / metabolism
  • Membrane Glycoproteins / metabolism
  • Phosphorylation / drug effects
  • Protein-Tyrosine Kinases / metabolism
  • RNA, Messenger / analysis
  • Receptors, Cytokine / metabolism
  • Receptors, OSM-LIF
  • STAT3 Transcription Factor
  • Signal Transduction
  • Time Factors
  • Trans-Activators / metabolism
  • Tumor Cells, Cultured


  • Antigens, CD
  • Cytokines
  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • Growth Inhibitors
  • IL6ST protein, human
  • Interleukin-6
  • LIF protein, human
  • LIFR protein, human
  • Leukemia Inhibitory Factor
  • Leukemia Inhibitory Factor Receptor alpha Subunit
  • Lymphokines
  • Membrane Glycoproteins
  • RNA, Messenger
  • Receptors, Cytokine
  • Receptors, OSM-LIF
  • STAT3 Transcription Factor
  • STAT3 protein, human
  • Trans-Activators
  • Cytokine Receptor gp130
  • cardiotrophin 1
  • Protein-Tyrosine Kinases