A negative herniogram does not exclude the presence of a hernia

Ann R Coll Surg Engl. 1997 Sep;79(5):372-5.


A retrospective review of 63 consecutive herniograms over a 3-year period was performed to assess the reliability in diagnosis of occult hernias. In all, 26 hernias were diagnosed in 23 patients, of which 13 were confirmed at operation. However, there were three false-positive results. Of the 38 negative herniograms, four proceeded to surgery with three positive hernia findings. We therefore found false-positive and false-negative rates of 18.7% and 7.9%, respectively. All of the false-positive results were in patients with a history of pain as the presenting complaint, while all of the patients with false-negative results had presented with a history of both pain and jump but no clinically detectable hernia. Our experience of this investigation is not as encouraging as others have reported.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • False Negative Reactions
  • False Positive Reactions
  • Female
  • Groin
  • Hernia / diagnostic imaging
  • Hernia, Inguinal / diagnostic imaging*
  • Hernia, Inguinal / surgery
  • Herniorrhaphy
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Pain / etiology
  • Radiography
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Treatment Outcome