Bronchiectasis in Finland: trends in hospital treatment

Respir Med. 1997 Aug;91(7):395-8. doi: 10.1016/s0954-6111(97)90251-1.


The incidence of bronchiectasis has probably declined in developed countries in recent years, but no reliable statistical data on this are available. The present paper describes the use made of hospital services by bronchiectatic patients in Finland. Data on a total of 12,539 treatment periods for bronchiectasis that had occurred between 1972 and 1992 were collected from the discharge register maintained by the National Research and Development Centre for Welfare and Health (diagnosis 518 in the International Classification of Diseases up to 1986, and 494 from 1987 onwards). The number of admissions, new occurrences of bronchiectasis and days in hospital were calculated by sex and age in relation to the total population at the end of each year. There were 143 and 87 admissions per million inhabitants in 1972 and 1992, respectively. The admissions, new occurrences and the days in hospital all decreased, at annual rates of 1.3, 4.2 and 5.7%, respectively. Thus, where the number of new occurrences was 50 per million persons in 1977, it was 27 per million in 1992. In summary, bronchiectasis-related hospital treatment declined markedly between 1972 and 1992. Trend is attributed to effective treatment of pulmonary infections and the reduction in tuberculosis.

MeSH terms

  • Bronchiectasis / epidemiology
  • Bronchiectasis / therapy*
  • Female
  • Finland / epidemiology
  • Hospitalization / trends*
  • Humans
  • Incidence
  • Length of Stay / trends
  • Male