Multiple stent implantation in single coronary arteries: acute results and six-month angiographic follow-up

Cathet Cardiovasc Diagn. 1997 Oct;42(2):158-65. doi: 10.1002/(sici)1097-0304(199710)42:2<158::aid-ccd14>;2-k.


A total of 147 stents were implanted (in overlapping manner in 76% of vessels) in a single coronary artery in 59 patients (60 vessels, 97 lesions, 2.45 stents/vessel) over a period of 18 mo using high pressure stent deployment without ultrasound guidance. The indications for stenting were suboptimal percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) result (45%), primary prevention of restenosis (44%), acute closure (10%), and restenosis after plain balloon angioplasty (1%). One patient required emergency coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) (extensive dissection), and one required early intervention with plain balloon angioplasty and intracoronary urokinase for stent thrombosis. There were no deaths. Thirteen patients had recurrence of angina within 6 mo and angiograms were performed in all. These showed intrastent restenosis in nine (all had successful repeat plain balloon angioplasty), development of new disease in other vessels along with restenosis close to the stent in the target vessel in one (underwent elective CABG) and normal angiograms with widely patent stents in three. Forty-five patients (77%) remained free of recurrent angina and 25 of these had follow-up angiograms (56%) at a mean of 172 days, two showing restenosis. Thus, the restenosis rate per patient in the symptomatic group (angiographic follow-up in 100%) was 77% and in the asymptomatic group (angiographic follow-up in 56%) was 8%. The restenosis rate in the subgroup with bailout stenting (n = 6) was 20% (angiographic follow-up in 83%). The overall restenosis rate per patient was 32% (overall angiographic follow-up in 66%). During the 6-mo follow-up period, one patient underwent elective CABG (1.7%), one sustained a non-Q myocardial infarction (1.7%), nine had repeat PTCA to the target vessel (15.5%), and there were no deaths. The event-free survival rate was 77%. Multiple stent implantation aided by high pressure stent deployment without ultrasound guidance and with adjunctive optimal antiplatelet therapy without oral anticoagulation seems to be a useful and effective revascularisation strategy to deal with long lesions and acute dissections with a high procedural success rate. The restenosis rate is acceptable and is not appreciably high as reported in previous studies from the "warfarin era."

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Angina Pectoris / diagnostic imaging
  • Angina Pectoris / therapy*
  • Coronary Angiography*
  • Coronary Artery Bypass
  • Disease-Free Survival
  • Equipment Design
  • Equipment Failure
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Myocardial Infarction / diagnostic imaging
  • Myocardial Infarction / therapy*
  • Recurrence
  • Stents*
  • Treatment Outcome