Objective: To determine the pharmacokinetics of methotrexate (MTX) in a group of patients 65 to 83 years of age and to compare the pharmacokinetic data to those in patients 21 to 45 years of age.
Methods: Thirty-eight elderly patients (8 men, 30 women) and 24 young patients (6 men, 18 women) underwent this pharmacokinetic study. They received intramuscular administration of MTX each week, at a dose varying from 7.5 to 15 mg depending on the patient. MTX concentrations in plasma and ultrafiltrate samples were assayed by a fluorescence polarization immunoassay. Pharmacokinetic variables were estimated using a Bayesian approach with population parameters as a priori information together with 2 plasma MTX concentrations (2 and 8 h after injection).
Results: The extent of unbound fraction and the volume of distribution were not statistically significantly different between the 2 age groups. The elimination half-life measures of the free and total MTX were greatest in the elderly group (p < 0.001). The total clearances of free and total MTX were inversely proportional to age (p < 0.001).
Conclusion: MTX clearance decreases with decreasing creatinine clearance and smaller doses may be chosen in this group. Thus, a dosage regimen should be adjusted in elderly patients or in those with renal impairment.