The objective of this prospective multicenter study was to determine whether cisapride is associated with increased risk of malformations, spontaneous abortions, or decreased birthweight when used during pregnancy. Cases were paired for age, smoking, and alcohol consumption with controls exposed to nonteratogens, as well as with disease-paired controls. One hundred and twenty-nine pregnant women were exposed to cisapride during pregnancy, including 88 during the period of fetal organogenesis. There were no differences in maternal history, birthweight, gestational age at delivery, and rates of livebirths, spontaneous or therapeutic abortions, fetal distress, and major or minor malformations among groups. It is concluded that exposure to cisapride during pregnancy is not associated with a major increased risk of malformations or spontaneous abortions or with decreased birthweight.