Disruption of Semaphorin III/D Gene Causes Severe Abnormality in Peripheral Nerve Projection

Neuron. 1997 Sep;19(3):519-30. doi: 10.1016/s0896-6273(00)80368-2.

Abstract

The molecules of the collapsin/semaphorin gene family have been thought to play an essential role in axon guidance during development. Semaphorin III/D is a member of this family, has been shown to repel dorsal root ganglion (DRG) axons in vitro, and has been implicated in the patterning of sensory afferents in the spinal cord. Although semaphorin III/D mRNA is expressed in a wide variety of neural and nonneural tissues in vivo, the role played by semaphorin III/D in regions other than the spinal cord is not known. Here, we show that mice homozygous for a targeted mutation in semaphorin III/D show severe abnormality in peripheral nerve projection. This abnormality is seen in the trigeminal, facial, vagus, accessory, and glossopharyngeal nerves but not in the oculomotor nerve. These results suggest that semaphorin III/D functions as a selective repellent in vivo.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Afferent Pathways
  • Animals
  • Axons / physiology
  • Chick Embryo
  • Chimera
  • Eye / embryology
  • Eye / innervation
  • Face / embryology
  • Face / innervation
  • Facial Nerve / abnormalities
  • Facial Nerve / embryology
  • Galactosides
  • Ganglia, Spinal / cytology
  • Ganglia, Spinal / embryology
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental / physiology
  • Glossopharyngeal Nerve / abnormalities
  • Glossopharyngeal Nerve / embryology
  • Glycoproteins / deficiency
  • Glycoproteins / genetics*
  • Homozygote
  • Indoles
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred C57BL
  • Mice, Knockout
  • Mutagenesis / physiology
  • Nerve Growth Factors / deficiency
  • Nerve Growth Factors / genetics*
  • Oculomotor Nerve / embryology
  • Peripheral Nervous System / abnormalities*
  • Peripheral Nervous System / embryology*
  • Semaphorin-3A
  • Spinal Nerves / embryology
  • Staining and Labeling
  • Trigeminal Nerve / abnormalities
  • Trigeminal Nerve / embryology
  • Vagus Nerve / abnormalities
  • Vagus Nerve / embryology

Substances

  • Galactosides
  • Glycoproteins
  • Indoles
  • Nerve Growth Factors
  • Semaphorin-3A
  • 5-bromo-4-chloro-3-indolyl beta-galactoside